What is chronic kidney disease?
It is the slowly progressive and irreversible destruction of the kidneys. Your kidneys are essential parts of the body. They perform several functions, such as:
- Maintain the balance of minerals and electrolytes like calcium, sodium and potassium
- They initiate the production of red blood cells
- Maintain the acid-base balance of the blood
- Excreting the waste and extra fluid in the form of urine
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common occurrence among middle and old age people suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes. These diseases injure or scar the nephrons that can result in kidney failure. High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels of the kidneys which can harm the kidneys. Other diseases like an autoimmune disease such as lupus can damage the blood vessels and help in making antibodies against kidney tissues. There are many other examples of disease that can cause disease such as polycystic kidney disease, glomerulonephritis, lupus.
Risk factors for chronic kidney disease
The risk of condition mainly increases with the age, some of the risk factors for chronic kidney disease are:
- Smoking cigarettes and consuming alcohol
- High cholesterol and obesity
- Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
- Obstruction in kidneys and bladder
- Liver failure and atherosclerosis
- Kidney cancer or tumor
The symptoms of chronic kidney disease are only visible in the later stages. The signs visible are:
- Periorbital edema is the condition of swelling around the eyes
- Swelling in legs creates a condition of pedal edema
- Fatigue and tiredness
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea and vomiting
- Bad smelling and dark colored urine
- Pain in sides of the kidneys
- Itchiness in the skin
- Pain in the back and joints
- Irregular sleeping pattern
- Easy bruising and bleeding
If the above symptoms prevail for long, it is important to go through certain tests like complete blood test, electrolyte level test, creatinine test, parathyroid hormone test, renal flow and scan and renal ultrasound.
Shifting to a proper kidney-friendly diet
A proper kidney diet is necessary for the impaired kidneys as they put stress on the kidneys. One can decrease fat, protein, salt and potassium in your diet. Reducing the sodium and fluid in the diet can prevent fluid overload. It is important to maintain the weight during this disease by controlling the cholesterol level. One must restrict the carbohydrate and fat intake in the diet.
Ayurveda is an ancient science of treating physical ailments with the help of natural elements. Ayurvedic kidney failure treatment provided by Karma Ayurveda is considered to be one of the best in Asia. It has been actively treating kidney patients since 1937. It is headed by Dr. Puneet Dhawan who is an expert Ayurveda practitioner. He doesn’t believe in any allopathic treatment and provides an alternative solution that is natural. He also recommends his patients with diet chart along with a full course of Ayurvedic medicines.