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Chronic Kidney Disease Diet Food List – Dr. Puneet Dhawan

Chronic Kidney Disease Diet List

People with chronic kidney disease hardly feel like eating anything. Their taste bud changes drastically because of the waste buildup in the blood. That is why most kidney patients are not able to meet the nutritional needs of their bodies and ultimately stabbed by malnutrition. Chronic Kidney Disease Diet Food List”.

Food keeps your body healthy and often the base of a healthy and fit body. But if you have kidney disease, you need to adopt a completely different approach towards your eating habits. Gone are the days when you could eat anything kept in your refrigerator without any worry. But, hang on; this is only a tough time; it will pass on, and don’t let it define your future. The more proportionate you are about your diet, the better and faster are the recovery. Hire yourself a dietician who can suggest what foods you can eat or avoid during various stages of CKD. During the times of CKD, you will need a healthcare team to keep an eye on every important aspect of your treatment. “Chronic Kidney Disease Diet Food List”.

Foods that come naturally to us, such as fruits, vegetables, seeds, whole grains are best for renal patients. On the contrary, foods that involve chemical processing, preservatives, and other nutrients (Sodium, potassium, phosphorus, etc.) may further damage the functionality of the renal. Processed foods that come with an increased shelf life are mostly rich in sodium. Carefully read the labels before picking up the foods for anyone who has CKD. “Chronic Kidney Disease Diet Food List”.

Fast food may sound tasty, but it is made with ingredients not fit for a diseased person. A single processed or deep-fried food may have more than the required amount of calories you otherwise not need. 

Chronic Kidney Disease Diet List

Let’s break it all down for you, the important nutrients to look after during CKD diet foods lists:


Phosphorus is a mineral that is found naturally in many fruits and vegetables. Phosphorus can also be found in many daily food items such as dairy, poultry, etc. When you consume phosphorus, in one way or the other, it is removed by the kidneys (the excess portion) during the blood filtration process. But impaired kidney function may not allow this excess phosphorus accumulated within to be removed naturally. Do you know what can be the result of too much phosphorus? It can cause pain, weak and timid bones, calcification, skin, joints, and other blood vessels related problems.  “Chronic Kidney Disease Diet Food List”.

The daily limit for a CKD patient: 1000 mg. 

Limit the following high phosphorus foods such as:

  • Meats 
  • Poultry
  • Milk products or dairy products

Also, the following are the high phosphorus foods that should be avoided entirely by CKD patients:

  • Black beans
  • Black-eyes peas
  • Broccoli
  • Mushrooms
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Wheat cereals
  • Oatmeals
  • Chocolate
  • Dark-colored sodas
  • Iced tea
  • Beer

Carefully look for the packaged foods with added phosphorus or “PHOS” on ingredient lists. 


Potassium helps the muscles and nerves to work correctly. The right amount of potassium is maintained by our kidneys that remove the excess portion of it during the blood filtration process. Having too much potassium in the blood can cause your heart to have an abnormal heartbeat. It can be life-threatening for a person to have beyond the measure levels of potassium. So, keeping a minimal amount of potassium in your diet during CKD diet food lists will help sustain the condition with ease. “Chronic Kidney Disease Diet Food List”.

Following are the high potassium foods you should avoid:

  • Bananas 
  • Avocado 
  • Oranges
  • Melon
  • Papaya
  • Prunes 
  • Tomatoes and sauce
  • Nuts
  • Chocolate
  • Red and white Beans 
  • Milk products
  • Lentils

The daily limit for a CKD patient: 2000 mg. 


A person needs to monitor the intake of sodium to help balance fluid and to control the blood pressure level. But many of us are fond of processed foods, which are believed to be an abundant source of sodium and salt.  Manufacturers use sodium to increase the shelf-life of the food. 

Salt-rich diet can worsen your kidney problems. Too much salt can promote fluid retention, which raises the blood pressure level adversely and improve the lower functioning of the kidneys. “Chronic Kidney Disease Diet Food List”.

The daily limit for a CKD patient: 1500 mg. 

Avoid these high sodium foods:

  • Table salt
  • Salt seasonings
  • Meats such as bacon, hot dogs, canned meats
  • Salty snacks
  • Potato chips
  • Frozen foods
  • Canned soups
  • Pickles and sauces


Protein requirement changes adversely during CKD. In the initial stages of CKD, your dietician will advise you to lower protein intake because your kidneys may not process the waste generated out of it. However, during dialysis, your requirements increase as most of it gets filtered during dialysis. “Chronic Kidney Disease Diet Food List”.

Protein is essential for your body; it promotes muscles and bones growth, fights the body against infections, and provides energy to the body. 

Make sure that you consume a very limited or negligible amount of protein in your diet. Ensure that it comes only from plant sources and not animals.  Consult dietician at Karma Ayurveda for more information on this. “Chronic Kidney Disease Diet Food List”.

Apart from all these nutrients, what matters the most in the CKD diet food list is your fluid, sugar, and starch intake. Carefully monitor your diet as it is an integral part of the treatment and may worsen your kidney disease if not followed properly. 

For more information on the diet during CKD, make an appointment with Doctors and Dieticians at Karma Ayurveda. “Chronic Kidney Disease Diet Food List”.

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