What is nephron?
Nephrons, the functional unit of the kidneys, are the structure that produces the urine and works for the excretion of the excess wastes from the blood. There are about 1 to 1.5 million of nephrons in each kidney which separate ions, small molecules from the blood and return the needed substances to the blood.
The nephrons function through a process called ultrafiltration. Ultrafiltration occurs when the blood pressure puts pressure on the water and molecules through tiny gaps in capillary walls. The ultrafiltration does not have the blood cells and large molecules and travels up to the various loops of the nephrons. At this point, water and important molecules are removed and collected into a duct which is then passed to the bladder for excretion. “Nephron Types, Function & Ayurved Treatment In Delhi, India“.
The glomeruli are the part of the nephrons that make the functionality of the kidneys come possible.
The structure of the nephron
Each nephron consists of one main interlobular artery reaching a single renal tubule. Each kidney has millions of nephrons, the cells of which are arranged in such a way that the cells at the bottom are concentrated than those at the top. Those near to the endpoint of the nephron are the most concentrated one and therefore, they take out the most water as possible from the ultrafiltrate and send it to the bladder.
Are there any types of nephrons?
The kidneys contain two types of nephrons, each located in the different parts of the renal cortex: cortical nephrons and juxtamedullary nephrons. A nephron comprises of a renal corpuscle, a renal tubule, and the associated capillary network.“Nephron Types, Function & Ayurved Treatment In Delhi, India”.
Functions of nephrons
A nephron is responsible for removing waste products and excess water from the blood. The blood flows up to the glomerulus, encapsulated by the glomerular capsule. As the heart pumps the blood, the pressure of the blood pressurizes the small molecules through the capillaries to move to the capsule. The cells in the tubule have different molecules that are absorbed.
Molecules that are excreted remain in the tubule, while water, glucose and other molecules travel back to the bloodstream. In the event of ultrafiltrate being traveled down to the tubules, the cells filled with pressurized in response to the ultrafiltrate. This process excretes out the most water in the cells before the ultrafiltrate exit the nephrons. “Nephron Types, Function & Ayurved Treatment In Delhi, India”.
The filtered blood in the nephron returns to the body through the way of veins. Now, the urine which is ultrafiltrate, gets passed down to the collecting and then to the bladder for excretion.
How is glucose removed from the nephrons?
Renal glucose reabsorption is the part of the kidney function that deals with preventing glucose from disappearing from the body through the urine. If the kidneys do not reabsorb glucose, it gets eliminated through the urine and this condition is known as glycosuria.
The glucose in the blood filters through the glomerulus into the glomerular filtrate together with sodium and potassium. When the sugar and electrolytes pass through the tubules, varieties of hormones help in the reabsorption process. Of all the hormones, aldosterone works in the sodium and water reabsorption while the tubules can reabsorb around 180-200 mg of sugar. That means if there is less than 180 mg of sugar in the blood, the urine will have no sugar in it. But in the case when the sugar content is more than 200, say 220 mg, sugar gets slipped into the urine, or we can say that urine is not reabsorbed back into the bloodstream. “Nephron Types, Function & Ayurved Treatment In Delhi, India”.
How nephrons get damaged?
Most kidney disease or kidney-related conditions damage the nephrons and destroys the filtering capacity of the kidneys. The damage to the nephrons may occur in a short time span or may take time such as because of diabetes. Often the physical injury or poisoning is the reason behind the damage to the nephrons that occurred quickly.
Some conditions injure both the kidneys simultaneously, and the most common ones are diabetes and high blood pressure. “Nephron Types, Function & Ayurved Treatment In Delhi, India”.
Diabetes and high blood pressure injure the nephrons, tubules, and glomeruli over time and become the reason you may have CKD in the near future.
Can damaged nephrons be repaired?
Yes, you can have your damaged nephrons repaired with the help of Ayurvedic herbs. Ayurvedic herbs do have the capability to rejuvenate the cells and tissues and also the nephrons of the kidneys. Ayurvedic medicines work on the root cause and thus permanently help you get rid of kidney disease.
In addition, kidney problem easily progresses to ESRD over time, so it is necessary to go for the treatment approach that can resuscitate the damage to the kidneys and their filtering unit. “Nephron Types, Function & Ayurved Treatment In Delhi, India”.
Karma Ayurveda nephrologist
Doctor Puneet Dhawan is the ayurvedic nephrologist who has been providing ayurvedic medicines to their patients for eight decades. With their natural methodologies and curated state of the art technology, many kidney patients have got their kidney disease treated in a couple of months. Besides, his ayurvedic medicines are made from the sacral herbs and no artificial treatment is involved in their processing.
For more information, visit Karma Ayurveda with your reports. “Nephron Types, Function & Ayurved Treatment In Delhi, India”.